Instructions for Manuscript Preparation

General organization of manuscript for research articles:
The most desirable organization plan for a research paper is as follows: (a) Title (b)ABSTRACT, in less than 200 words, (c)INTRODUCTION, in less than two typed pages, (d)MATERIALS AND METHOD, (e) RESULTS, (f) DISCUSSION or RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, (g) ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS, (h) REFERENCE, (i) APPENDIX.
Manuscripts must be double-spaced with a recent version of word processor (Microsoft Word) in English (American spelling and usage). All pages must be numbered consecutively starting with the title page and including tables and figures. Lines in the abstract and text should be separately numbered. A standard font, in a size of 12 points, must be used.

(a) Title
The title page should include the title, author’s full names, and author’s institutional affiliations. The name of the corresponding author must be marked with an asterisk and also provide the contact information including the telephone, fax numbers, and e-mail address. If the current address of any author is differed, include it in a footnote on the title page. If the affiliations of the authors are different, authors different from the first author should be marked with different superscript numeral designation.

(b) ABSTRACT
The abstract should be a clear, concise, one-paragraph summary including research aim, procedures, significant results, and major conclusions. Abstract must be 200 words or less. Specialized terms, abbreviations, diagrams, and references should be avoided. Do not use a personal statement like ‘I~’ or ‘We~’. Less than 10 Key Words should be provided at the end of the Abstract.

(c) INTRODUCTION
Introduction should state the research purpose and its relation to other works in the same field but should not present an extensive review of the reference. Text that does not exceed 2 typed pages is generally recommended.

(d)MATERIALS AND METHODS
The descriptions in MATERIALS AND METHODS should be brief, but sufficiently detailed to permit repetition of the work by a qualified operator. Specific experimental methods should be sufficiently detailed so the work can be repeated.
New methods must be completely described, but the published or the certified methods can be described briefly with references. For special equipment, reagents, kits, etc., the source, city, state, and country should be specified in parentheses. Biological materials should be identified by the scientific name (genus, species with italic type, and if necessary, authority and family) and cultivar, if appropriate, together with the site from which the samples were obtained.

(e - f) RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
The RESULTS section describes the concise and clear results of the experiments using text, tables, and figures. And DISCUSSION section provides an interpretation of the results in relation to previously published work and to the experimental system at hand. TheRESULTS and DISCUSSION sections can be combined as one section. Avoid presenting essentially similar data in both table and figure form. Avoid comparisons or contrasts that are not pertinent.
Also avoid speculation unsupported by the data obtained. Concluding statements are to be incorporated at the end of the Results and Discussion section.
Tables should be numbered consecutively with the order of citation in the text (Table 1). Figures should be also numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals according to the order of citation in the text (Fig. 1). The figure title in the text is expressed as bold. Tables and Figures must fit one- or two-column format on the Journal page. Footnotes in tables should be given numeral designations and be cited in the table by superscript. Do not include data that are not discussed in the text. All values must be used with significant digits. Limit photographs (i.e. photomicrographs, electron micrographs, and photographs of gel patterns) to those that are absolutely necessary for presenting the experimental findings.

(g) ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
List sources of financial or material support and the names of individuals whose contributions were significant but not deserving of authorship.

(h) REFERENCE
Reference should be listed in the order alphabetically. Reference should be cited only necessary publications and used primary rather than secondary reference when possible. It is acceptable to cite work that is accepted but not published with the pertinent year and volume number of the reference. Do not list the following in the reference section:
unpublished data, personal communications, manuscripts in preparation, manuscripts submitted, abstracts, and materials that have not been subjected to peer review. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their reference. Some examples of reference format are described below.

① In Text
References should be cited in the text by Author’s name and Year in parentheses.
Ex.1) One reference: It was reported that (Author name, Year).
Ex.2) More than two references: It has been known that (Author name, Year; Author name, Year;�Author name, Year).
Ex.3) One author: Kim (Year) reported...
Ex.4) Two authors: Lee and Park (Year) suggested that...
Ex.5) More than two authors: Kim et al. (Year) have shown that...

② In reference section
i. Journal article: Author(s). (Year). Article title. Journal full title. Volume number: Pages.
Ex.1) One author: Bradford KJ. (1994). Water stress and the water relations of seed development. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 34:1-11.
Ex.2) Two authors: Bradford KJ and Bradford KJ. (1994). Water stress and the water relations of seed development. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 34:1-11.
Ex.3) More than two authors: Nasr C, Haag Berruier M, Lobstein Guth A and Anton R. (1986). Kaempferol coumaryl glucorhamnoside from Ginkgo biloba. Phytochemistry. 25:770-771.
ii. Books: Author(s). (Year). Title (volume number). Publisher name. Place of publication. Nation. Pages.
Ex.1) Dewick PM. (2002). Medicinal natural products.Wiley & Sons. Chichester, England. p.149-151.
Ex.2) Bergmeyer HU, Bergmeyer J and Grassl M. (1974). Methods of enzymatic analysis(Vol. 3). Verlag Chemie
International. Deerfield Beach. Florida, USA. p.1499-1502.
iii.Chapter in book: Author(s). (Year). Title of the chapter. In Editor(s) and/or Title of the book. Publisher name.
Place of publication. Nation. Pages.
Ex.1) Lee KY, Ko KC, Lee JC, Ryu YS and Kim SK. (1985). The use of plant growth regulators. In Viticulture in future. Daehan textbook Co. Seoul, Korea. p.274-283.
Ex.2) Gershenzon J and Croteau RB. (1993). Terpenoid biosynthesis: the basic pathway and formation of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and diterpenes. In Moore TS. (ed.)., In Mizrahi A and Wezel AL. (eds.)., In Moore TS. et al. (eds.). Lipid metabolism in plants.CRC Press. Boca Raton. Florida, USA. p.340-388.
iv. Reports published Governmental Institutes: Author(s). (Year). Title. Institute. City. Nation. Pages.
Ex.1) Rural Development Administration(RDA). (2009). Standard cultivation guidebook for good agricultural practice. Rural Development Administration. Suwon, Korea. p.47-117.
Ex.2) Han JS, Choi KJ and Kang AS. (1999). Development of propagation technology of Eleutherococcus senticosus. Gangwondo Agricultural Research and Extension Services. Cheorwon, Korea. p.371-378.
v. Dissertation: Author(s). (Year). Title. PhD or MS thesis. Place of institution. Pages.
Ex.1) Lee HY. (2003). Chemical consitituents from the roots of Synurus deltoides(Aiton) Nakai. MS Thesis or Ph. D. Thesis. University. p.1-67.
Ex.2) Keatha KK. (1948). Vitamin and amino acid requirements of certain lactic acid bacteria.University of Wisconsin. Madison, USA. p.1-86.
vi. Patents: Author(s). (Year). Title. Name of country issuing the patent. Patent number.
Ex.1)Chung IM. (2007). The manufacturing process of ginseng extracts. U.S.A. Patent. 8,777,345.

(i) APPENDIX
Complicated calculations and detailed nomenclature are listed.

Abbreviation and Units
Abbreviations should be spelled out the words at first and give the abbreviation in parentheses in the text

Example: Leaf Area Index (LAI)

KJMCS strongly recommends to uses the SI system (often referred to International Units) for most units of measurement. Some exceptions are listed below. Commonly used empirical units are permissible.
1) cm = centimeter
2) s = second, min = minute, h = hour
3) L = liter, g = gram, M = molar, mol = mole, N = normal, Mw = molecular weight
4) % = percent (designate w/v, v/v or w/w in lower case), ppm = part per million, ppb = part per billion

One space should be inserted before unit and between units for multi-unit values (for example, 25 mm) but no space between number and degree sign (for example, 25oC) and % sign (for example, 35%).


<These guidelines for framing of manuscript shall be implemented from Journal Vol. 16 Issue 6.>
<These guidelines for framing of manuscript shall be implemented from Journal Vol. 20 Issue 1.>
<These guidelines for framing of manuscript shall be implemented from Journal Vol. 20 Issue 6.>